Archive for the 'Guns' Category



Rifle Scope Brightness

BY Herschel Smith
18 hours, 20 minutes ago

Busting the myths.

Riflescope brightness is not as big a deal as advertising makes it out to be.

Differences in brightness from scope to scope are often undetectable to users.

Some features credited with brightness don’t even contribute.

Some high-end scopes aren’t as bright as some costing half that.

Maintaining a sharp image is as important as raw brightness. A sharp image at any brightness level looks “brighter” than a softly focused image. Resolution is a critical ingredient for making images seen through a scope appear brighter.

As for the wider main tube contributing to brightness, forget it. Doesn’t work that way. Regardless how much light enters the objective “window.” The higher the magnification, the less light that gets out. The amount of light that exits the scope at the eyepiece depends on the power level. Both objective lens and magnification work together to create the beam of light that exits the eyepiece. It is called the Exit Pupil (EP.) You can see it by holding a scope at arms length and pointed it at a bright surface. The little circle of light you see in the eyepiece lens is the EP. If you have a variable power scope, turn the power ring and watch the EP enlarge and shrink as powers goes down and up. The lower the power, the larger the EP and the more light that exits the scope.

While EP matters, extremely large EP does not because its effectiveness is limited by our own pupils. The human pupil opens (dilates) to about 7mm max. But this doesn’t happen until it’s nearly dark. In full daylight our pupils shrink to about 2.5mm. On cloudy days they might be opened to around 4mm. Place a 5mm diameter beam of light in front of your 4mm pupil and the extra 1mm rim just bounces off your iris. So why bother with a 50mm objective?

The magic hour for hunting is often the last few minutes of legal shooting light a half hour or more after sunset. Our pupils might then dilate to 6mm. They could use all of the 5mm EP and 1mm more. So step up to a big 56mm objective and what do you get? A 5.6mm EP. Not quite the 6mm you could fully use. You’ll need a 60mm objective at 10X to get the full 6mm EP. And if you want maximum brightness at the last minute or two of legal shooting light, you might need a 7mm EP scope. To get that, of course, you’d need a 70mm objective at 10X.

I’m not enough of a precision shooter, especially in dim light conditions, to nay say his observations.  Hunters can weigh in on this.  The most expensive scope I have costs around $600.

John Lovell Interviews Stephen Willeford

BY Herschel Smith
3 days, 19 hours ago

I’ve seen other interviews on this incident, but I learn something every time.

Small Caliber Shootoff

BY Herschel Smith
5 days, 18 hours ago

Why anyone would want to penetrate cinder blocks with small bore ammunition I don’t know, but for no other reason than interest, here it is.

I’ve always thought that 22LR was a little underpowered for a varmint round.  I’m not sure I’d keep the 5.7X28 by my bed either.  I prefer PD ammunition because of things like walls, people, and neighbors.

Paul Harrell On The Rock Island Armory 1911

BY Herschel Smith
5 days, 18 hours ago

He seems to think it’s okay, whereas for me, being unable to shoot anything I want to put in it is a deal-breaker for me.

He also seems to like Colt, whereas I prefer my Dan Wesson and Smith & Wesson 1911s.  I’ve never had a single malfunction with either of them, and neither has had a hiccup of any sort regardless of what ammunition I feed it (including and up to 450 SMC).

I don’t do FTF/FTE drills with my 1911s because I’ve never had a failure in many thousands of rounds.  But as always, I learn something from Paul (watch his demonstration of the safety feature on the Colt that isn’t there with the RIA, another deal-breaker for me).

Firearms,Guns Tags:

What Guns Are The New Owners Buying?

BY Herschel Smith
5 days, 18 hours ago

Vice quotes David Codrea on the rush to purchase guns.  It’s interesting to see what they’re buying.  As for MSRs, here’s the list.

1. Ruger AR-556
2. Smith & Wesson M&P Sport II
3. Smith & Wesson M&P15
4. Springfield Saint
5. Kel-Tec Sub-2000

The real telling statistic is shotguns.

1. IWI TS12
2. Benelli M4 Tactical
3. Armscor/Rock Island Armory VR80
4. Franchi Affinity
5. Kalashnikov USA KS-12

One legitimate bird gun in the bunch.  You think this says something about what people are thinking and why they’re buying?

Never Put Your Thumb Near The Forcing Cone Of A Revolver When Shooting

BY Herschel Smith
6 days, 18 hours ago

Gun Sales

BY Herschel Smith
1 week ago

From NYT.

It would be an interesting thing to integrate the area under the curve, but with the spikes that would involve use of the trapezoidal rule, or else very small step functions.  I just don’t want to invest the time.

But suffice it to say, this is a lot.  I assume this also involves use of the NICS, and for states that don’t use it (like N.C. where a CHP suffices in lieu of the NICS), that will underestimate the total number of sales, by not a trivial amount.

New CZ 1012 Auto-loading Shotgun

BY Herschel Smith
1 week ago

Guns.com.

The CZ 1012 line of gas-less semi-automatic shotguns is not only new to the company but fairly new to the market at such a reasonable price point, with MSRP on our test CZ 1012 All-Weather set at only $690.

Rather than cycling the action using dirty gases, CZ uses a spring within the bolt assembly to harness energy during the shotgun’s recoil motion, and then essentially re-uses this energy a split second later to both rotate and unlock the twin lugs from the barrel extension. This withdraws the spent shell and feeds the next round.

While the majority of semi-automatic shotguns are cycled with the gases generated through the gas system, the 1012 takes a page brought to popularity by Benelli and their Inertia Drive. Inertia scatterguns have been around for years, but that technology generally comes at a much higher cost.

[ … ]

If you’re still thinking the system may be too good to be true, especially for the price, the proof is in the pudding—or in this case—in the Guinness Book of World Records. For reference, the new 1012 action was the one used by competitive shooter David Miller and his hand-selection team of four youngsters to break the Guinness world record.

Together, they fired 20,425 Aguila shotguns shells through nine guns over 12 hours. They smashed the previous record by busting 14,167 clays, with one shooter using the same shotgun for the span of the event. The others only switched once.

I really like the cammo gun they’ve built.  If I heard her correctly, she said the patent on the intertial system expired and CZ apparently took advantage of that.

It’s nice to see a moderately priced auto-loader.  This gun might be in my plans for the future.

Paul Harrell Versus Gun Nuts Media

BY Herschel Smith
1 week, 6 days ago

Watch all of this video (it’s long) or my comments will make no sense at all.

Allow me to weigh in a bit.  I’ve never seen or heard of this guy (“Caleb” from Gun Nuts Media – I have no idea if that’s his real name or a nom de guerre).  I have visited his site once as you’ll see below, and I’ll never visit again.

He impresses me as a spoiled little boy, a narcissist, a child who was never spanked, a liar, and a drama queen who writes click bait for his web site and soap operas for his YouTube channel.  He’s much too emotional for my tastes.

If he was never spanked as a child, he certainly was by Paul in this video.  He deserved it.  I agree with everything Paul said, but even if I had not, there’s a moral issue at stake here.  It comes from Leviticus 19:32.  “Caleb,” if you need help with exegesis of that, write me a note.

On the issue of revolvers and “hitting” or slapping the ejector rod, I’ve done that as long as I’ve been shooting revolvers.  I’ve never had a problem.  The only problem I’ve ever had was with a S&W R8 revolver.

It’s tolerances are tight, and it’s very accurate.  I’m sure those are related things.  I could have taken the time to ream the cylinder a bit and gotten better performance, but there would still be the issue of the forcing cone being so tight against the cylinder.

Within 50 rounds without fail, shooting high power .357 magnum ammunition which of course runs very hot, the metal would expand and cause either (a) the brass to fail to come out of the cylinder (which necessitated me striking the ejector rod pretty hard), or (b) the cylinder seizing against the forcing cone until the gun cooled down.

I dumped the gun.  It was a wonderful gun, but I just wanted to shoot more than it would allow without heating up too much.  Every other wheel gun I’ve ever shot only had that problem to a much less degree, this one to a much greater degree.

So if you needed any more information about Gun Nuts Media, here is something they have to say about what should be your own choice.

Basically, it’s 2019, and if you aren’t shooting 9mm as a primary pistol cartridge, you need to re-evaluate your life choices. It’s now an undisptued fact that modern 9mm ammo can give ballistic performance on par with 40 S&W, 45 Auto, and pretty much every other handgun cartridge.

“Re-evaluate your life choices.”  Being a bit dramatic, are we?  If you shoot anything other than 9mm you need to “re-evaluate your life choices.”

Okay, first of all, it’s simply not true.  Oh, it may be close for two-legged threats, but it’s certainly not true for four-legged threats.  Moreover, if someone happens to shoot .45 ACP or .40 S&W better than 9mm, or .38 Spl better, they should be allowed to shoot whatever works for them without internet know-it-alls telling them not to.  Some rounds push, some rounds snap and cause more pronounced muzzle flip.

Either way, I don’t think there’s a nickel’s worth of difference between someone telling you that you shouldn’t be allowed to have such-and-such gun, and someone telling you that you should shoot such-and-such a gun because I say so.  Each is a different form of collectivism.  I can’t stand collectivists.  Mind your own business.

And “Caleb,” grow up, little boy, and quit being a drama queen.  Maybe when you do, you can be like Paul.

Leupold Red Dot Optic

BY Herschel Smith
1 week, 6 days ago

Shooting Illustrated.

1X magnification, of course, obviously meant for a MSR.  Decent price point: $365.  Auto dot shutdown upon no movement for five minutes, total of 1000 hours on middle setting.


26th MEU (10)
Abu Muqawama (12)
ACOG (2)
ACOGs (1)
Afghan National Army (36)
Afghan National Police (17)
Afghanistan (679)
Afghanistan SOFA (4)
Agriculture in COIN (3)
AGW (1)
Air Force (35)
Air Power (9)
al Qaeda (83)
Ali al-Sistani (1)
America (19)
Ammunition (101)
Animals (61)
Ansar al Sunna (15)
Anthropology (3)
Antonin Scalia (1)
AR-15s (223)
Arghandab River Valley (1)
Arlington Cemetery (2)
Army (74)
Assassinations (2)
Assault Weapon Ban (27)
Australian Army (6)
Azerbaijan (4)
Backpacking (2)
Badr Organization (8)
Baitullah Mehsud (21)
Basra (17)
BATFE (87)
Battle of Bari Alai (2)
Battle of Wanat (18)
Battle Space Weight (3)
Bin Laden (7)
Blogroll (2)
Blogs (17)
Body Armor (18)
Books (3)
Border War (11)
Brady Campaign (1)
Britain (38)
British Army (35)
Camping (4)
Canada (2)
Castle Doctrine (1)
Caucasus (6)
CENTCOM (7)
Center For a New American Security (8)
Charity (3)
China (11)
Christmas (11)
CIA (28)
Civilian National Security Force (3)
Col. Gian Gentile (9)
Combat Outposts (3)
Combat Video (2)
Concerned Citizens (6)
Constabulary Actions (3)
Coolness Factor (2)
COP Keating (4)
Corruption in COIN (4)
Council on Foreign Relations (1)
Counterinsurgency (216)
DADT (2)
David Rohde (1)
Defense Contractors (2)
Department of Defense (152)
Department of Homeland Security (24)
Disaster Preparedness (4)
Distributed Operations (5)
Dogs (12)
Donald Trump (25)
Drone Campaign (3)
EFV (3)
Egypt (12)
El Salvador (1)
Embassy Security (1)
Enemy Spotters (1)
Expeditionary Warfare (17)
F-22 (2)
F-35 (1)
Fallujah (17)
Far East (3)
Fathers and Sons (2)
Favorite (1)
Fazlullah (3)
FBI (31)
Featured (181)
Federal Firearms Laws (18)
Financing the Taliban (2)
Firearms (1,120)
Football (1)
Force Projection (35)
Force Protection (4)
Force Transformation (1)
Foreign Policy (27)
Fukushima Reactor Accident (6)
Ganjgal (1)
Garmsir (1)
general (15)
General Amos (1)
General James Mattis (1)
General McChrystal (43)
General McKiernan (6)
General Rodriguez (3)
General Suleimani (9)
Georgia (19)
GITMO (2)
Google (1)
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar (1)
Gun Control (1,235)
Guns (1,622)
Guns In National Parks (3)
Haditha Roundup (10)
Haiti (2)
HAMAS (7)
Haqqani Network (9)
Hate Mail (8)
Hekmatyar (1)
Heroism (4)
Hezbollah (12)
High Capacity Magazines (14)
High Value Targets (9)
Homecoming (1)
Homeland Security (1)
Horses (1)
Humor (24)
ICOS (1)
IEDs (7)
Immigration (89)
India (10)
Infantry (4)
Information Warfare (2)
Infrastructure (2)
Intelligence (23)
Intelligence Bulletin (6)
Iran (170)
Iraq (379)
Iraq SOFA (23)
Islamic Facism (63)
Islamists (93)
Israel (18)
Jaish al Mahdi (21)
Jalalabad (1)
Japan (2)
Jihadists (80)
John Nagl (5)
Joint Intelligence Centers (1)
JRTN (1)
Kabul (1)
Kajaki Dam (1)
Kamdesh (9)
Kandahar (12)
Karachi (7)
Kashmir (2)
Khost Province (1)
Khyber (11)
Knife Blogging (4)
Korea (4)
Korengal Valley (3)
Kunar Province (20)
Kurdistan (3)
Language in COIN (5)
Language in Statecraft (1)
Language Interpreters (2)
Lashkar-e-Taiba (2)
Law Enforcement (3)
Lawfare (7)
Leadership (6)
Lebanon (6)
Leon Panetta (2)
Let Them Fight (2)
Libya (14)
Lines of Effort (3)
Littoral Combat (8)
Logistics (50)
Long Guns (1)
Lt. Col. Allen West (2)
Marine Corps (259)
Marines in Bakwa (1)
Marines in Helmand (67)
Marjah (4)
MEDEVAC (2)
Media (45)
Memorial Day (5)
Mexican Cartels (35)
Mexico (49)
Michael Yon (5)
Micromanaging the Military (7)
Middle East (1)
Military Blogging (26)
Military Contractors (4)
Military Equipment (24)
Militia (5)
Mitt Romney (3)
Monetary Policy (1)
Moqtada al Sadr (2)
Mosul (4)
Mountains (25)
MRAPs (1)
Mullah Baradar (1)
Mullah Fazlullah (1)
Mullah Omar (3)
Musa Qala (4)
Music (21)
Muslim Brotherhood (6)
Nation Building (2)
National Internet IDs (1)
National Rifle Association (70)
NATO (15)
Navy (22)
Navy Corpsman (1)
NCOs (3)
News (1)
NGOs (2)
Nicholas Schmidle (2)
Now Zad (19)
NSA (3)
NSA James L. Jones (6)
Nuclear (57)
Nuristan (8)
Obama Administration (221)
Offshore Balancing (1)
Operation Alljah (7)
Operation Khanjar (14)
Ossetia (7)
Pakistan (165)
Paktya Province (1)
Palestine (5)
Patriotism (7)
Patrolling (1)
Pech River Valley (11)
Personal (61)
Petraeus (14)
Pictures (1)
Piracy (13)
Pistol (2)
Pizzagate (21)
Police (465)
Police in COIN (3)
Policy (15)
Politics (532)
Poppy (2)
PPEs (1)
Prisons in Counterinsurgency (12)
Project Gunrunner (20)
PRTs (1)
Qatar (1)
Quadrennial Defense Review (2)
Quds Force (13)
Quetta Shura (1)
RAND (3)
Recommended Reading (14)
Refueling Tanker (1)
Religion (173)
Religion and Insurgency (19)
Reuters (1)
Rick Perry (4)
Rifles (1)
Roads (4)
Rolling Stone (1)
Ron Paul (1)
ROTC (1)
Rules of Engagement (75)
Rumsfeld (1)
Russia (30)
Sabbatical (1)
Sangin (1)
Saqlawiyah (1)
Satellite Patrols (2)
Saudi Arabia (4)
Scenes from Iraq (1)
Second Amendment (320)
Second Amendment Quick Hits (2)
Secretary Gates (9)
Sharia Law (3)
Shura Ittehad-ul-Mujahiden (1)
SIIC (2)
Sirajuddin Haqqani (1)
Small Wars (72)
Snipers (9)
Sniveling Lackeys (2)
Soft Power (4)
Somalia (8)
Sons of Afghanistan (1)
Sons of Iraq (2)
Special Forces (28)
Squad Rushes (1)
State Department (21)
Statistics (1)
Sunni Insurgency (10)
Support to Infantry Ratio (1)
Supreme Court (6)
Survival (38)
SWAT Raids (55)
Syria (38)
Tactical Drills (2)
Tactical Gear (4)
Taliban (167)
Taliban Massing of Forces (4)
Tarmiyah (1)
TBI (1)
Technology (17)
Tehrik-i-Taliban (78)
Terrain in Combat (1)
Terrorism (95)
Thanksgiving (9)
The Anbar Narrative (23)
The Art of War (5)
The Fallen (1)
The Long War (20)
The Surge (3)
The Wounded (13)
Thomas Barnett (1)
Transnational Insurgencies (5)
Tribes (5)
TSA (21)
TSA Ineptitude (12)
TTPs (3)
U.S. Border Patrol (5)
U.S. Border Security (14)
U.S. Sovereignty (17)
UAVs (2)
UBL (4)
Ukraine (3)
Uncategorized (56)
Universal Background Check (3)
Unrestricted Warfare (4)
USS Iwo Jima (2)
USS San Antonio (1)
Uzbekistan (1)
V-22 Osprey (4)
Veterans (3)
Vietnam (1)
War & Warfare (222)
War & Warfare (40)
War Movies (4)
War Reporting (19)
Wardak Province (1)
Warriors (6)
Waziristan (1)
Weapons and Tactics (64)
West Point (1)
Winter Operations (1)
Women in Combat (21)
WTF? (1)
Yemen (1)

April 2020
March 2020
February 2020
January 2020
December 2019
November 2019
October 2019
September 2019
August 2019
July 2019
June 2019
May 2019
April 2019
March 2019
February 2019
January 2019
December 2018
November 2018
October 2018
September 2018
August 2018
July 2018
June 2018
May 2018
April 2018
March 2018
February 2018
January 2018
December 2017
November 2017
October 2017
September 2017
August 2017
July 2017
June 2017
May 2017
April 2017
March 2017
February 2017
January 2017
December 2016
November 2016
October 2016
September 2016
August 2016
July 2016
June 2016
May 2016
April 2016
March 2016
February 2016
January 2016
December 2015
November 2015
October 2015
September 2015
August 2015
July 2015
June 2015
May 2015
April 2015
March 2015
February 2015
January 2015
December 2014
November 2014
October 2014
September 2014
August 2014
July 2014
June 2014
May 2014
April 2014
March 2014
February 2014
January 2014
December 2013
November 2013
October 2013
September 2013
August 2013
July 2013
June 2013
May 2013
April 2013
March 2013
February 2013
January 2013
December 2012
November 2012
October 2012
September 2012
August 2012
July 2012
June 2012
May 2012
April 2012
March 2012
February 2012
January 2012
December 2011
November 2011
October 2011
September 2011
August 2011
July 2011
June 2011
May 2011
April 2011
March 2011
February 2011
January 2011
December 2010
November 2010
October 2010
September 2010
August 2010
July 2010
June 2010
May 2010
April 2010
March 2010
February 2010
January 2010
December 2009
November 2009
October 2009
September 2009
August 2009
July 2009
June 2009
May 2009
April 2009
March 2009
February 2009
January 2009
December 2008
November 2008
October 2008
September 2008
August 2008
July 2008
June 2008
May 2008
April 2008
March 2008
February 2008
January 2008
December 2007
November 2007
October 2007
September 2007
August 2007
July 2007
June 2007
May 2007
April 2007
March 2007
February 2007
January 2007
December 2006
November 2006
October 2006
September 2006
August 2006
July 2006
June 2006
May 2006

about · archives · contact · register

Copyright © 2006-2020 Captain's Journal. All rights reserved.