7000 Police Deployed in Kabul, While Pakistan Retreats from NWFP

BY Herschel Smith
6 years ago

The past few days have seen an unprecedented number of police deployed in Kabul, Afghanistan.

Security was tightened in and around Kabul on Sunday with 7,000 additional police officers deployed ahead of Monday’s 89th observance of Afghanistan’s independence from Great Britain.

Police were seen at newly established security checkpoints looking at every passing vehicle Sunday. Increased foot patrols were also apparent.

An Interior Ministry official said it was the biggest police operation in Kabul in several months.

Also on Sunday, dozens of Taliban militants were killed after they ambushed a convoy carrying supplies for NATO forces in southern Afghanistan, an Afghan official said.

Five security forces who worked for a private company were killed in the attack, in Zabul province, said Gulab Shah Alikhail, the deputy governor.

After the ambush, Afghan army forces were called in, Alikhail said.

Alikhail put the militants’ death toll at 32.

On Saturday, a roadside bomb killed 10 Afghan police officers in Kandahar province, according to Police Chief Matiullah Khan.

Khan blamed the Taliban and their al Qaeda associates for the attack.

“Who else is conducting this kind of cowardly acts except for the Taliban and al Qaeda people,” he said.

But it isn’t just the largest operation in several months. Kabul hasn’t seen this kind of security operations since the overthrow of the Taliban. Further, the police presence points to a security problem in the balance of Afghanistan, from which the threat comes.

A lawmaker from Kandahar who is critical of Karzai’s government said the police deployment has more to do with protecting the government’s reputation than reassuring the public.

“Unless they bring some comprehensive changes in the security, this deployment will not affect people’s confidence,” the lawmaker, Khalid Pashtun, said.

Pashtun said there had been a steady increase in kidnappings, robberies and other crimes this year.

“People are afraid to leave their house after 7 p.m.,” he said.

To the west, insurgents have been regularly attacking U.S.-led coalition and NATO supply convoys, burning fuel trucks and killing NATO and coalition soldiers.

To the east, the Tag Ab Valley of Kapisa Province has become the scene of near-daily clashes and airstrikes by the U.S.-led military coalition in Afghanistan.

Afghan and NATO officials insist that the nearly seven-year effort to bring stability to Afghanistan is progressing.

However, the security operation in Kabul is the second time this year that the authorities have taken extraordinary measures to reassure Afghans that cities are safe from a Taliban assault.

In June, Afghan and NATO commanders mustered thousands of troops to clear militants from a strategic valley within striking distance of Kandahar, Afghanistan’s main southern city.

Kabul is a center of gravity, and the Taliban know it. They are capable of forming en masse to threaten the city, and thus threaten the seat of government. The observances and celebrations are the raison du jour, and takes on no more significance than that. The real message here is the concern on the part of Kabul for its own stability, and the degrading security situation in Afghanistan.

Slightly to the Southeast in Pakistan, the Pakistani troops recently sent into the NWFP met with a nasty surprise.

When several hundred Pakistani troops backed by paramilitary forces on Friday launched an operation against militants in Bajaur Agency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan on the border with Afghanistan, they received a most unwelcome surprise.

News of the offensive, which proved to be the most bloody this year in Pakistan, had been leaked to the Pakistani Taliban and al-Qaeda militants by sympathizers in the security forces, and the army walked into a literal hail of bullets.

Contacts familiar with the militants told Asia Times Online that every hill had observers as the first military convoys entered Bajaur – the main corridor leading to the Afghan provinces of Kunar, Nooristan, Kapisa and the capital Kabul – and they were quickly under attack.

In just a few hours, 65 soldiers were killed, 25 were taken prisoner and scores more were wounded. Under air cover, the soldiers retreated, leaving behind five vehicles and a tank, which are now part of the arsenal of the Taliban and al-Qaeda.

The Pakistani troops have retreated, as the Taliban regroup, rearm, train, collect “taxes” and continue to send fighters into Afghanistan to topple the government and return it to Taliban rule. Even if Pakistan was a consistent ally in the war against al Qaeda and the Taliban (and they are little more than a halting ally), they aren’t capable of anything more than harassment of fighters in the tribal regions. More troops are needed in Afghanistan, now and not later.

  • Gary in Kabul

    Editor: Until the Afghan-Pakistan border problem is solved then the Taliban and Al Qaeda will have free run to come to Afghanistan and cause mayhem for this developing democratic nation. The Durand Line, 1893-1993, was never supposed to be an international border. It delineated areas of responsibility for the unruled Tribal Areas. An international border between Afghanistan and Pakistan is totally non-existant since 1993. Solve this problem and the Tribal Areas can be secured. It is obvious that Pakistan has been and will never be able to control the Tribal Areas. Now is the time for some international decision making by the UN, NATO, and the Governments of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.

  • http://www.captainsjournal.com/ Herschel Smith

    Gary,

    Thanks for visiting, and I appreciate our exchange of e-mail.

    Your view of the solution will be dictated by your presuppositions as to the root of the problem(s). If you believe that the root lies with territorial disputes, poverty, or poor governance, then, respectively, the solution might be with better boundary lines, infrastructure or better, more representative government.

    This might indeed be the case for some insurgencies (such as the indigenous Sunni portion of the fighters in Anbar), but for the religiously motivated fighters (e.g., AQ in Anbar), good governance wouldn’t persuade them to relinquish their fight, because they fight for a different set of reasons.

    I have also elsewhere argued that Bangladesh is the poorest nation on earth and 90% Muslim, but without the radical Islam, proof that poverty doesn’t cause jihad.

    There might be some of the Taliban who fight for territorial reasons, or for a “share of the pie,” as it were. But per their own words, they mostly fight for a different set of reasons.

    AQ (Ayman al-Zawahiri) recently did an interview (via the internet) with jihadists across the globe in which he discussed what is has been a burning issue among them, namely the legitimacy of HAMAS (or lack thereof) because HAMAS involves themselves in local (or national) politics, and has failed to declare a global Islamic Emirate in Palestine. If they did so, AQ might join the fight. Their failure to do so makes their cause illegitimate, according to AQ.

    Meanwhile, the House of Saud (and UAE) is funding radical schools in Palestine to the point that they now have more than 50,000 students, and they will soon swamp HAMAS. Jihadi is going transnational in Palestine.

    The goals of the Taliban have been stated to be global for all except some of the old-schoolers (note especially the Tehrik-i-Taliban). Good governance wouldn’t persuade them of anything, any more than a nice, neat new boundary line would.

    Their aim is to reinstall the Islamic Emirate in Afghanistan, the same type in which AQ found friendly refuge pre-9/11. I’m sorry, but I can’t go with you in the quest for a replacement for the Durand line. The problem runs far, far deeper than that. It is the root – the seed – the wellspring – of radical jihad, funded by another center of gravity, Saudi Arabia and UAE.

    You’re thinking local. I suggest that you think globally.


You are currently reading "7000 Police Deployed in Kabul, While Pakistan Retreats from NWFP", entry #1251 on The Captain's Journal.

This article is filed under the category(s) Afghanistan,Pakistan,Taliban,Tehrik-i-Taliban and was published August 17th, 2008 by Herschel Smith.

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